Archive for May, 2009

Aggressive Dog

Wednesday, May 27th, 2009

The aggressive dog is a difficult problem.  If you are the owner of an aggressive dog, you should weigh the risks of keeping an aggressive pet against the benefits.  It is important that you consider the following:

 With proper treatment, the frequency and severity of aggression may be reduced, but in most cases it cannot be totally eliminated.

 Even after treatment, no one can guarantee that the aggression will never occur again.

  You are legally responsible for your dog’s behavior.

  It is important to realistically consider whether keeping the pet is worth the risks.

 Obtaining a thorough history is important in trying to find a solution to the problem of aggression. 

Please answer the following questions:

  Is your dog aggressive toward family members?

  Is it aggressive to adult family members?

  Is it aggressive to children family members?

  Is it aggressive to other pets in the household?

  Is your dog aggressive to non-family members?

  Is it aggressive to adult non-family members?

  Is it aggressive to children non-family members?

  Is it aggressive to pets not in the household?

  Is your dog’s aggressive behavior recent (within the past 6 months)?

  Did the problem develop gradually

  Is the problem getting worse?

  Does your dog growl or bark threateningly

   Does you’re dog snap?

  Is the aggressive behavior associated with play

  Has your dog ever bitten a person,

  Has your dog ever bitten another animal?

  Is your dog aggressive when approached while eating?

  Is your dog aggressive when disturbed when sleeping or resting?

  Is your dog aggressive when disciplined, threatened, punished, or hit?

  Is your dog aggressive when people enter your home?

  Is your dog aggressive when people enter your yard?

  Is your dog aggressive ONLY when reached for or approached?

  If your dog is female, has she been in heat or had puppies within the past 6 months

  Are their areas of your dog’s body that seem to be especially sensitive?

  Is the aggression related to attempts to groom, medicate, or handle?

  Does the dog have any health problems at this time?

  Do you notice your dog exhibiting fear (ears back, tail tucked)

  Does your dog only fight with dogs of the same sex?

ANAL SAC DISEASE

Wednesday, May 27th, 2009

The anal sacs (glands) lie beneath the skin, on each side of the rectal opening. The anal sacs are lined with glands that produce a secretion with a strong odor. This is the same gland as the “scent gland” of the skunk.  The secretion is normally discharged from the rectum with the stools or when the rectal muscle tightens–such as when your pet is frightened.  If the canal emptying the gland does not close completely, your pet may leave foul-smelling fluid where they have been.

 Types of anal sac disease include:

 IMPACTION:

  Abnormal secretions are thick and unable to escape through the duct.  This may result from a change in diet, or a change in the nature of the secretions. The sacs become swollen and painful.

INFECTION:

Bacteria Infection produces a thin, foul-smelling discharge. Licking of these glands may cause other body infections, such as tonsillitis and skin infections.

ABSCESS FORMATION. 

 If left untreated, infections may abscess resulting in a painful swelling filled with pus that cannot escape. Often the gland will burst from the pressure as the infectious discharge accumulates. Many pets are presented to us with a “hole” beside the rectum, which is a result of a bursting abscess.

 Signs of Anal Sac Disease include:

  • “Scooting” or dragging the rear-end on the floor or ground. A discharge may be seen on the floor.
  • Jerking around quickly to lick the tail area or excessive licking of the rectal area.
  • Reluctance to lift the tail or allow you to touch the rear-end.
  • Constipation.
  • Bloody drainage around the rectal area.

 Treatment of Anal Sac Disease MAY include:

 Rectal palpation to empty the sacs of the secretions.

 Lancing and/or debriding the infected gland.

 Systemic antibiotics.

 Anti-inflammatory medications.

 Surgical removal of the anal sacs will prevent any future problem and should be considered in recurrent cases. It is recommended for consideration any time a pet has 3 episodes of anal gland problems within a one-year period.